Posted by Anjali Kaur on Oct 25, 2021

Scientific Techniques of Taylor

Scientific Techniques of Taylor include functional foremanship, standardization, and simplification of work, work-study, method study, time study, and motion study.

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1. Functional Foremanship

It includes the planning department and operational department

Planning Department (Code – DR IT)Operational Department (Code – GR IS)
1. Route Clerk – Who is responsible to fix up the sequence of steps (What steps are to be performed) for doing a manual job.1. Gang Boss- She/He arranges all machines, tools, and other resources required for the performance of the job.
2. Instruction Card Clerk – Gives general instructions (How to do to a job), which are necessary to carry on the job in a specific way.2. Speed Boss- He/she assures timely completion of job
3. Time and Cost Clerk- How much time is required to start and complete a job. He also prepares cost sheets for the Job.3. Repair Boss- Ensures that machines and tools are kept in working condition.
4. Disciplinarian – Performing job in an orderly and systematic way.4. Inspector- Keeping a check on quality control of the output.
Planning and Operational Department

2. Standardization and Simplification of Work

Standardization of work stresses maintaining standards relating to every step of business operations. Like standard quality, the standard for size, type, and weight.

Simplification of work eliminates unnecessary diversity of products, size, and type. To ensure quality and simplicity.

3. Work Study

Its focus is on maximum production at minimum cost.

It includes:

a. Fatigue Study

b. Method study

c. Time Study

d. Motion Study

a. Fatigue Study

Fatigue means tired. It includes the frequency of rest intervals, duration, and the number of rest intervals.

Scientific Techniques of Management – Fatigue Study

A person is bound to get tired when he is performing a job for a long period of time. Taylor suggested that the time period and frequency of rest interval should not be decided by the wish and experience of the manager but by a scientific approach.

For example, if there are 3 shifts of work. If after 1 shift worker gets tired, he can be assigned 1st and 3rd shift and 2nd shift for rest.

b. Method Study

One of the best methods or ways of performing the job which keeps production cost minimum and makes maximum use of resources of the organization. This method was used by Ford Motors.

For example, for the production of shoes, there can be a labor-intensive method or machine-intensive method. To find out which is best, management must evaluate the cost of production with both methods. Then compare both with the available resources.

c. Time Study

How much time is required to perform a job, setting up the standard target for works? Determines how many workers are required to perform a job. Then categorize them into efficient and inefficient ways.

d. Motion Study

It includes keeping an eye on the movement of workers:

  • To determine the movement of workers when they are performing the job.
  • Difference between productive and unproductive movement.
  • Cutting down unproductive and wasteful movement
  • Find the best way to reduce unproductive movement of work and save everyone for produtive task.

4. Differential Piece Wage System

Giving different wages for efficient and inefficient employees.

The extra wage paid to the efficient employees will motivate them to remain efficient, this will also motivate inefficient employees. So, when payments are made according to the number of units produced automatically the production will be maximized.

5. Mental Revolution

It requires changing the worker’s mindset. So, that they feel they are working in a family.

  • Change in mental attitudes of workers and management towards each other.
  • Cooperation between workers and management.
  • Rule out feeling of suspicious or from the minds of workers anf management to adapt systematic thinking.

Thank You!

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