The Formal Organization
Formal organization refers to the organization structure which is designed by the management to accomplish a particular task. It specifies clearly the boundaries of authority and responsibility and there is systematic coordination among various activities to achieve organizational goals.
Let’s learn more about it.
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Formal organization structure clearly spells out the job to be performed by each individual, the authority, responsibility assigned to every individual, superior-subordinate relationship, and designation of every individual in the organization.
Features of The Formal Organization
- It is created intentionally by the process of organizing.
- The purpose is the achievement of organizational goals.
- Each individual is assigned a fixed authority or decision-making process.
- It results in the creation of a superior-subordinate relationship.
Advantages of The Formal Organization
- Systematic working
- Clarity of duty
- Unity of command
- The accomplishment of goals.
1. Systematic Working
It is easier to fix responsibility since mutual relationships are clearly defined.
2. Clarity of Duty
There is no confusion among members regarding duties.
3. Unity of Command
It is maintained through an established chain of command.
4. Accomplishment of Goals
Formal organisation helps to achieve organisation goals.
5. It plays more emphasis on work.
Disadvantages of the Formal Organisation
- Delay in action
- Ignores social needs of employees
- Emphasis on work only
Let’s discuss these.
1. Delay in action
Due to chain of command, actions get delayed in formal structure.
2. Ignores social needs of employees
This structure does not give importance to the psychological and social needs of employees which may lead to demotivation of employees.
3. Emphasis on Work only
It gives importance to work only, it ignores human relation, creativity, etc.
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