Importance of Energy Infrastructure
Energy falls under the economic infrastructure category, and it is one of the critical aspects of the development of a nation. Importance of Energy Infrastructure is observed in its numerous uses. At present, no one can imagine life without energy resources. Today, we will understand the role of energy with its main classification in an easier manner. Let’s learn.
Energy as an infrastructure
Energy as infrastructure is used on a large scale in agriculture and related areas like production and transportation of fertilizers, pesticides, and farm equipment. It is required in houses for cooking, household lighting, and heating.
What are the different classification of the sources of energy?
Sources of energy are classified into two main categories:
- Conventional sources of energy:
- Conventional sources of energy are old, non-renewable, and are limited in quantity.
- Conventional sources of energy have been in use for the past many years.
- The conventional sources of energy comprise of;
- Commercial sources of energy: These are largely used for commercial purposes in industries, agriculture, and the service sector. For example; coal, petrol, and electricity.
- Non-commercial sources of energy: These are found in nature and are commonly used by rural households for domestic consumption. For example; agricultural waste, firewood, etc.
- Non-conventional sources of energy:
- These are renewable and are unlimited in quantity.
- These sources are given high priority these days in various government plans because they are renewable and they form the basis for sustainable development. Sustainable development means a development where the resources are enjoyed by the present generation without compromising the future generation to enjoy the same resources.
- These resources are environmental-friendly.
- For example; solar energy, wind energy, tidal power, etc.
Consumption Pattern of Energy in India
Consumption pattern of energy in India refers to the percentage consumption of commercial and non-commercial energy in the country. At present;
- Commercial energy consumption makes up about 74% of the total energy consumption in India. It includes coal with a share of 54%, oil at 32%, natural gas at 10%, and hydro energy at 2%.
- Non-commercial energy accounts for over 26% of total energy consumption.
- The critical feature of India’s energy sector is that India has to depend on the import of crude and petroleum products because domestic production of these is not sufficient.
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