Measures To Solve Agricultural Problems: Technical Reforms
Innovation is the key to survival in this competitive era of today. Everyone prefers high productivity with smart work rather than hard work. Even organizations seek higher efficiency at lesser time. Similarly, in the Indian agricultural sector after introducing institutional reforms https://learnwithanjali.com/measures-to-solve-agricultural-problems-institutional-reforms/. Indian policymakers switched to innovation by introducing technical reforms which are popularly known as ‘The Green Revolution’.
At the time of independence, productivity in the agricultural sector was very low because of the use of old technology and the absence of required infrastructure. The stagnation in agriculture during the colonial rule was permanently broken by the green revolution.
Green revolution refers to the large increase in the production of food grains resulting from the use of high yielding variety seeds, especially for wheat and rice. The use of these seeds required fertilizers and pesticides in the correct quantities as well as with regular supply of water.
In India, Green revolution occurred in two phases:
- Between the mid-1960s to mid-1970s: This was the first phase of the green revolution, which was restricted to Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu. The judicious use of HYV seeds primarily benefited the wheat-growing regions only.
- Between the mid-1970s- mid-1980s: This was the second phase of the green revolution, the HYV technology spread to a larger number of states and benefited more variety of crops. This spread of the Green Revolution technology-enabled India to achieve self-sufficiency in food grains.
A good proportion of agricultural produce of rice and wheat was sold in the market by the farmers. The portion of agricultural produce which is sold in the market by the farmers, after keeping some products for their self-consumption is termed as marketed surplus. The Green revolution enabled the government to procure a sufficient amount of food grains to build a stock that could be used in times of food shortage.