Posted by Anjali Kaur on May 05, 2020

Positive Contributions of British Rule

Today I will discuss some Positive Contributions of British Rule;

  • Effective Administration: The British Government followed an effective and efficient administrative setup which left a legacy of effective work culture for the people of India.
  • Infrastructural Development: The development of roads, railways, air, and water transport helped in the social and economic development of India.
  • Commercialization of Agriculture: It changed the thinking of the Indian farmers, who earlier used to produce only for their subsistence. They started producing for sale in the market.
  • Monetary System of Exchange: India shifted from a barter system of exchange to a monetary system of exchange under British rule.

Apart from these Positive Contributions of British Rule on India, there were several sectors that got negatively affected under their rule. Go to the state of the Indian economy to find out more.

Test your knowledge by attempting this worksheet and refer my PPT for better understanding.


1. Discuss the focus of the economic policies pursued by the colonial government in India? What were the impacts of these policies?

2. Name some notable economists who estimated India’s per capita income during the colonial period.

3. What were the main causes of India’s agricultural stagnation during the colonial period?

4. Name some modern industries which were in operation in our country at the time of independence.

5. State the two-fold motive behind the systematic deindustrialization affected by the British in pre-independent India?

6. The traditional handicraft industries were ruined under the British rule. Do you agree with this view? Give reasons in support of your answer.

7. What objectives did the British intend to achieve through their policies of infrastructure development in India?

8. Critically appraise some of the shortfalls of the industrial policy pursued by the British colonial administration.

9. What do you understand by the drain of Indian wealth during the colonial period?

10. Which is regarded as the defining year to mark the demographic transition from its first to the second decisive stage?

11. Give a quantitative appraisal of India’s demographic profile during the colonial period.

12. Highlight the salient features of India’s pre-independence occupational structure.

13. Underscore some of India’s most crucial economic challenges at the time of independence.

14. When was India’s first official census operation undertaken?

15. Indicate the volume and direction of trade at the time of independence.

16. Were there any positive contributions made by the British in India? Discuss.

For solutions drop an email at

Presentation on Indian Economy during the British rule

Photo by Gabrielle Henderson on Unsplash

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

Learn with Anjali started because there wasn't an easy-to-consume resource to help students with their studies. Anjali is on single-minded mission to make you successful!

If you would like to suggest topics, leave feedback or share your story, please leave a message.

Leave a message