Posted by Anjali Kaur on Jul 13, 2020
Sustainable Development in India

What are the Strategies to Achieve Sustainable Development in India?

Sustainable economic development is one of the most important concerns of India. But it is the moral responsibility for every citizen to do their part. Let’s learn ways to achieve sustainable development in India.

Use of non-conventional sources of energy

India is hugely dependent on thermal and hydropower plants to meet its power needs. Both of them have adverse environmental impacts. Thermal power plants emit large quantities of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. It also produces fly ash that can cause pollution of water bodies, land, and other components of the environment. Hydroelectric projects affect the natural flow of water.

LPG, Gobar gas in Rural areas and CNG in urban areas

Households in rural areas generally use wood, dung cake, or other biomass as fuel. This consumption hurts the environment like deforestation, reduction in green cover, air pollution, etc. To solve these problems, the government provides subsidized liquified petroleum gas (LPG) and gobar gas plants. Both of these are cleaner fuels, which results in reducing pollution and energy wastage.

In urban areas, motorized vehicles produce air pollution, and therefore, the use of compressed natural gas (CNG) is encouraged.

Wind Power

In places where the speed of the wind is high, windmills can provide electricity without any adverse impact on the environment.

Use of Solar Power

India is blessed with a large quantity of solar energy in the form of sunlight, which is used for many household purposes. With the help of photovoltaic cells, solar energy can be converted into electricity. These cells use special kinds of materials to capture solar energy and then convert the energy into electricity. This technology is extremely useful for remote areas and for places where the supply of power through power lines is either not possible or very costly.


There has been an increase in the use of chemical fertilizers to enhance agricultural productivity that resulted in unproductive land, contaminated water bodies. A large number of farmers have become aware of the use of compost made from organic wastes of different types. For example, cattle dung as fertilizer is an organic product.

Bio pest Control

The advent of the green revolution led to the use of more and more chemical pesticides for higher production. This causes adverse impacts like pollution of water bodies, contamination of food products like milk, meat, etc. Efforts have been done to use a better method of pest control. For example, neem trees are very effective as neem-based pesticides are environmentally friendly. Awareness is spreading about various birds and animals that help in controlling pests. For example, snakes, lizards, owls, peacock, these birds, and animals prey upon pests and insects and help in pest control.

Photo by Ramakrishnan Nataraj on Unsplash

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