Concept of Short-Term Equilibrium (AD-AS)
According to the Keynesian theory, equilibrium is determined in terms of aggregate demand and aggregate supply. We reach an equilibrium level of output or employment, where AD = AS. In this post, we will discuss the Concept of Short-Term Equilibrium (AD-AS). Let’s learn more about it.
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We know that,
AD = C + I
AS = C + S
So, if equilibrium is achieved when AD = AS, then
C + I = C + S
I = S
Investment = Savings
Equilibrium level of output implies that there is no surplus or deficiency in the economy. Whatever is produced is demanded by the economy.
Under AD and AS approach, following things are assumed:
- AD is a planned level of demand by various sectors of the economy.
- AS is the planned level of supply, which the producers are planning to sell.
- Equilibrium is achieved when planned expenditure (AD) becomes equal to the planned level of supply of goods and services (AS).
According to Keynesian theory, the equilibrium level of output is determined at the full level of employment or at the underemployment level or at the overfull employment level.
Classical theory versus Keynesian theory
|Classical Theory||Keynesian Theory|
|Classical theory assumes that the economy is always at full employment, that is, AD = AS.||Keynesian believes that the economy is at full employment when AD = AS. The economy is at over full employment equilibrium when AD > AS. The economy is at underemployment when AD < AS.|
|The government does not interfere because the economy is always at full employment.||The Government interferes where there is excess demand or deficient demand|
|This theory assumes that supply creates its own demand.||This theory assumes that demand creates its own supply.|
Thank You for reading.
You can read the related post on macroeconomics:
Precautions while calculating the national income
Domestic territory and national residents
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