Practice test 3- Nationalism in India
Practice test 3- Nationalism in India, History, Class X, CBSE. You can also download the PDF of this practice paper at the end of this post, for self-practice.
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1. What was the impact of reduction of imports?
Answer. The increase in imports from tariff reduction beneficiaries is balanced by a decrease in imports from all others. For the market, the trade effect is only trade creation. For exporting countries, the total trade effect is made of trade diversion and trade creation.
2. Under which agreement did the Indian ‘Depressed Classes’ get reserved seats in the Provincial and Central Legislative Councils in 1932?
Answer. The Poona Pact of September 1932. It gave the Depressed Classes reserved seats in provincial and central legislative councils, but they were to be voted in by the general electorate.
3. What were the demands of the peasants in Awadh?
Answer. In Awadh, a peasant movement was organized by Baba Ramchandra. It was against landlords and talukdars. Reduction of rent and the abolition of begar were their main demands.
4. How did the Awadh movement get materialised?
Answer. As the movement spread in 1921, the houses of talukdars and merchants were attacked, bazaars were looted, and grain hoards were taken over.
5. Which movement of Andhra Pradesh did Mahatma Gandhi join in NCM?
Answer. It is the GUERILLA MILITANT MOVEMENT of Andhra Pradesh.
6. Who was Alluri Sitaram Raju?
Answer. Alluri Sitaram Raju was the tribal peasant’s leader in the Gudem Hills of Andhra Pradesh. He claimed that he had a variety of special powers. He could make correct astrological predictions and heal people and he could survive even bullet shorts.
7. What action was taken by the tribals of Guden Hills in their movement?
Answer. The Gudem rebels attacked police stations, attempted to kill British officials, and carried on guerrilla warfare for achieving swaraj.
8. What did freedom mean to the plantation workers in Assam?
Answer. For plantation workers in Assam, freedom meant the right to move freely in and out of the confined space in which they were enclosed, and it meant retaining a link with the village from which they had come.
9. What was the Inland Emigration Act of 1859?
Answer. Under the Inland Emigration Act of 1859, without permission, plantation laborers were not allowed to leave tea gardens and, in reality, such permission was rarely granted to them.
10. How did plantation workers of Assam react to the NCM call?
Answer. When they heard of the Non-Cooperation Movement, thousands of workers defied the authorities, left the plantations, and headed home. They believed that Gandhi Raj was coming and everyone would be given land in their own villages.
11. What was the tale of Assam plantation workers when they left?
Answer. The plantation workers in Assam had their own understanding of Mahatma Gandhi and the idea of Swaraj”:(a) For plantation workers in Assam, freedom meant the right to move freely in and out of the confined space in which they were enclosed.
(b) Swaraj meant retaining a link to the village from which they had come.
(c) Under the Inland Emigration Act of 1859 plantation workers were not permitted to leave the Tea Gardens without permission.
(d) When they heard of the Non-Cooperation Movement thousands of workers defied the authorities, left the plantations, and head home.
(e) They believed that Gandhi Raj was coming and everyone would be given land in their own village.
12. Why did Mahatma Gandhi decide to call off the NCM?
Answer. Gandhiji felt that the movement was turning violent and satyagrahis needed proper training before they were ready for a mass struggle.
13. Who formed the Swaraj Party?
Answer. The party was founded by Motilal Nehru and C.R Das.
14. Which two factors shaped Indian Politics towards the late 1920s?
Answer. 1. The effect of the worldwide economic depression.
2. The Tory government in Britain constituted the Simon Commission to look into the functioning of the Constitutional government in India.
15. Why was Simon Commission rejected in India?
Answer. The Indians rejected the Simon Commission because it did not have any Indian members.
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