Practice Test 5 – Class X
Practice Test 5 – Class X, is based on Chapter 1 Development, Economics, CBSE.
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1. What is per capita income?
Answer. Per capita income refers to the average income of a person. The per capita income is calculated by dividing the total income of the country by the population of the country. It is also known as the per-person income in a country.
2. What is infant mortality rate?
Answer. The infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.
3. What does literacy rate measures?
Answer. Literacy rate is the number of persons who is 7 or above, who has the ability to read, write and understand in any language.
4. What is net attendance ratio?
Answer. Net attendance ratio is the total number of children in the age group of 6-10 attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group.
5. Why Kerala has a low IMR?
Answer. Kerala has low infant mortality rate because it mainly concentrates on human resource development. It has also made many provisions on developing the quality of education and medical facilities.
6. What you understand by HDI?
Answer. The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistical tool used to measure a country’s overall achievement in its social and economic dimensions. The social and economic dimensions of a country are based on the health of people, their level of education attainment and their standard of living.
7. What is life expectancy at birth?
Answer. The term Life Expectancy simply refers to the numbers of years an individual is expected to live based on the statistical average.
8. What is national income?
Answer. National income is defined as the total value of all the goods and services produced within a country plus net income coming from abroad.
9. How do ration shops under the PDS help people?
Answer. The ration shops under the PDS system help the population by maintaining the nutritional status of the people by making food available to the poor people at low prices.
10. What are non-renewable resources?
Answer. These are the resources that cannot be reproduced, grown or generated again by the nature. E.g. coal, petroleum, natural gas, nuclear power etc.
11. How do IMR need to be checked by the government?
Answer. The infant mortality rate is a census record kept by the government of the number of malnourished children not reaching till the age of 3+ years. This needs to be checked by keeping a track of all the children born in a particular hospital and asking them to call the family mandatorily and take a survey.
12. Explain any 3 examples of what factors other than income are important aspects of our lives.
Answer. Though income is one of the most important aspects of our lives, there are other important things, such as
- People also seek things like equal treatment, freedom, security and respect.
- Women need safe and secure environment to take up a variety of Jobs or run a business.
- People also need political rights.
13. What is the criterion used by the UNDP for classifying countries?
Answer. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has used the criterion of Human Development Index to measure the development of countries.
14. Explain the meaning and components of HDI.
Answer. Three components of HDI are as follows :
- Life expectancy : The maximum age that a person is expected to live.
- Gross enrollment ratio : Enrollment ratio for students in primary, secondary and higher secondary education.
- Average income or PCI : Total income of a country divided by the total population.
15. Why is literacy essential for the economic development? Explain.
- Literacy develops human resources which is very necessary for the economic development.
- Educated citizens are more aware about the financial investments and other basic stuffs related with the economy. That’s why literacy is very important for the economic development.
16. What do you understand by sustainability of development? What can be done to make development sustainable?
Answer. Sustainable development can be defined as an approach to the economic development of a country without compromising with the quality of the environment for future generations.
17. Conflicting goals can be development goals. Elaborate.
- At times two person or group of people may seek things which are conflicting.
- A girl expects as much freedom and opportunity as her brother and that he also shares in the household work. Her brother may not like this.
- Similarly, to get more electricity, Industrialist may want more dams but this may Sub merge the land and disturb the lives of people, who are displaced, such as tribal.
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